Pakistan is basically agriculture based country. Seventy percent population is employed in agriculture especially in rural Sindh. The farmers get poor yield of crops due to lack of technical knowledge and non-availability of required inputs. They also lack the capacity to manage natural resources at their disposal and waste the potential. SRSO’s target population is primarily engaged
in agricultural activity and therefore, the use and
management of natural resources is indispensible
to their livelihood. The natural resources that the
target population employs are basically resources
such as land, water, soil, plants and animals.
However, they cannot maximize their profits since
they lack the capacity to manage these resources
productively. Natural resource management is
concerned with the effective use of these resources
with a particular focus on how their use affects
the quality of life for both present and future
Focusing on capacity building of the farmers NRM has well defined role to play for the following activities:
- Assist communities in water resources management by training and demonstrations;
- Help them in obtaining better varieties of seeds, fruits and forest plants;
- Promote and build up the capacity of communities in better methods of vaccinating animals, livestock management practices, agricultural farm management practices,
- sowing, seeding and plantation;
- Provide preventive and curative services in the Livestock sector
NRM in collaboration with COs, has identified following activities that could lead to improve the living standard of people thereby reduce the severity of poverty.
Back Yard Poultry:
Poultry is an integrate part of rural households. These are reared for egg & meat purpose. However these birds are low production in terms of meat & egg rearing size and number. NRM envisages turning conventional rearing poultry into a cottage industry and later on commercial farming by training CO in poultry farming on modern lines and introducing highly productive poultry breeds (Fayoomi). These breeds are disease resistant, require less management practices and are good converter of feed into egg and produces eggs daily almost around year.
This activity has been designed with women community who are mainly involved in conventional poultry rearing practices. SRSO has built the capacity of target women communities to construction of poultry houses feed & diseases management.
Back Yard Kitchen Gardening:
Kitchen gardening is simple activity to undertake. The selection of a range of vegetables is carried out based on liking and profitability. Mostly tomato, chilies, carrot, radish are cultivated in the area. But due to lack of know-how to the farmers, they have not explored the high income generating activities like vegetables production and fruit rearing. To generate interest of the target group, NRM has introduced kitchen gardening at household level. NRM provide seed and training and
supply vegetables seed packet for both Rabi and Kharif seasons.
Kitchen gardening is purely women led activity SRSO
ensures women participation through mobilization. Skill enhancement is carried out through training and on site technical support.
To diversify and encourage complementing existing
income generation source communities are mobilized to grow fruit trees at household level. NRM provides varieties of fruit plants to CO member i.e. Lemon, Ber, Falsa. Women are engaged in fruit planting specially at household level.
35% land of upper Sindh Districts, Shahdad Kot, Larkana, Shikarpur, Jacobabad, and Kandhkot is saline and nothing is cultivated in these lands. This big chunk of land is barren. Due to non cultivation this ratio is being increased day by day. These lands require proper attention.
SRSO has designed the programme of reclamation of these lands with gypsum and has supplied gypsum to the farmers that has helped reclaim 300 acres of land.
Successful crop production plays an important role in solving problems of food security as well as bringing economic development and poverty alleviation in the area. The success of producing good crops almost entirely depends upon availability better inputs better knowledge and choice of crops according to the area environments. Since majority of our population live in rural area their livelihood is fundamentality linked with agriculture and production good crops. Going through the results of the crop production in the target area, was concluded that increased crop yields with limited soils can also be achieved by the following two principles.
- Use of quality Seed
- Use of improved varieties of crops.
- use of tunnel farming.
NRM is providing the quality seeds and encouraging growers to go for the improved varieties of crops.